The organs of the female reproductive system produce and sustain the female sex cells (egg cells or ova), transport these cells to a site where they may be fertilized by sperm, provide a favorable environment for the developing fetus, move the fetus to the outside at the end of the development period, and produce the female sex hormones. Estrogen and progesterone stimulate the development of glandular tissue and ducts in the breast. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estrogen, and progesterone have major roles in regulating the functions of the female reproductive system.
Menopause occurs when a woman's reproductive cycles stop. This period is marked by decreased levels of ovarian hormones and increased levels of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. The changing hormone levels are responsible for the symptoms associated with menopause. For several years before menopause the decline in ovarian hormone reproduction brings changes in physiology that are expressed as a variety of discomforting sign and symptoms such as; Some atrophy of vagina, cervix, uterus, and ovaries, Vaginal wall shortens, thins and loses muscle tone, Labia majora becomes thinner, paler, and less elastic, Supporting muscles lose muscle tone ( sphincter muscles, bladder, rectum), Secretion of cervical mucus decreases, Breast size, firmness and shape change, Body hair thins in most women, but increases in some, Wrinkling and loss of skin tone occur, Body fat is redistributed, Bone mass is lost, and Metabolic rate slows.
There are herbal remedies that help with symptoms of menopause, symptoms such as; Hot Flashes, Insomnia, Fatigue, Depression, Genitourinary, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, and Osteoporosis. These herbal remedies include, but are not limited to; Hormonal normalizers, Uterine tonics, Nervine relaxants, Antidepressants, Laxatives, Anti-Hypertension, Alternatives, Diuretics, Antispasmodics, and Bitters. In the terms of tonic support, besides the Uterine tonics, the reproductive, endocrine, nervous and cardiovascular systems tonics should all be taken into consideration for a holistic balance in the female reproductive system.