How to include an ELECTROLYTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE in your Pathology Prevention plans.
Electrolytes are minerals with electric charges that dissociate in a solution into positive or negatively charged ions. Electrolytes can be simple inorganic salts of sodium, potassium, or magnesium, or complex organic molecules; they play a key role in a host of normal metabolic functions.
The major extracellular electrolytes are sodium, calcium, chloride, and bicarbonate. Potassium, magnesium, and phosphate are the major intracellular electrolytes. These elements, which exist as ions in body fluids, are distributed throughout all body fluids. Electrolytes are responsible for maintenance of physiologic body functions, cellular metabolism, neuromuscular function, and osmotic equilibrium. Although oral intake varies, the homeostatic mechanisms regulate the concentrations of electrolytes throughout the body. Changes in either intracellular or extracellular electrolyte concentrations can have a major impact on bodily functions.